Verbs : Subject and Object

All verbs have a subject. The subject of a verb is generally the person or thing that is performing the action prescribed by the verb in question. Often, the subject is what the sentence is about and usually (but not always) comes at the beginning of the sentence.

The dog chased the cat.
She sang a song.

If a verb is used in the imperative in the form of a command, then the subject is usually implied:


Get down from that tree!
(You, get down from that tree!)

 

A verb may have an object as well as a subject. The object is the person or thing which is affected by the action of the verb. The object of a verb can be a noun, a pronoun or a phrase.


The dog chased the cat.
She sang a song.

Direct and Indirect Objects
There are two kinds of objects:
Direct objects, as the name suggests, are directly affected by the action of the main verb.

An indirect object is a person or thing that benefits from the action of the main verb.

Dad bought his son a bike.
She was cooking the family a meal.