Nouns : Singular & Plural
There are a number of different rules when it comes to making nouns plural…
A noun that refers to a SINGLE object or person is SINGULAR in number. A noun which refers to MORE THAN one object or person is said to be PLURAL in number. The The plurals of nouns can be formed in a number of different ways.
1. A plural is most often formed by simply adding an ‘s’ at the end of the singular form of the noun:
eg. boy: boys, dog: dogs, tree: trees, etc.
This also works for nouns ending in ‘y’ but only where the letter before the ‘y’ is a vowel.
eg: boy: boys, day: days, turkey: turkeys, tray: trays.
2. If a noun ends in ‘s’,’sh’,’ch’or ‘x’, the plural is formed by adding ‘es’.
Eg: boxes, churches, thrushes, passes, etc.
3. If the noun ends in ‘y’ and the letter before the ‘y’ is a consonant then the plural is formed by changing the ‘y’ to an ‘i’ and adding’es’.
eg: berry: berries, cherry: cherries, bunny: bunnies, factory: factories, etc.
4. Sometimes, but not always, nouns that end in ‘f’ make their plurals by changing the ‘f’ to a ‘v’ then adding ‘-es’.
eg: leaf: leaves, loaf: loaves, half: halves, thief: thieves.