Human Body : Skin -the body’s largest organ

What is Skin? : The Structure of the skin

The skin is the outer covering which protects all the delicate body parts lying underneath it.

It is the largest organ of our body which consists of several tissues including sweat glands and hair follicles.


Our skin not only provides protection to the internal body parts, but also gives us our sense of touch; it is comprised of three main layers.

The outermost layer is called the epidermis  The epidermis acts as a barrier between our internal body parts and the external environment. Therefore, it is this layer of the skin which is responsible for preventing the entry of harmful foreign agents, such as bacteria, inside the body.

Beneath the epidermis is another layer of the skin, known as the dermis which contains hair follicles, sweat glands and sebaceous glands.


The skin’s innermost layer is known as subcutis. This is where fat is deposited to act as an energy store as well as an insulator. You can read more about the skin here…

What is Skin? : The Structure of the skin

Human Body : The Brain

Interesting facts about the brain from humanbrainfacts.org

Weighing about three pounds and contributing about two percent of your total body weight, this relatively small organ of the body has the job of controlling all the functions of the body

The brain is a highly complex network of billions of neurons that give people the ability to think, feel, process information and produce responses.

Human brain is one of the greatest marvels of nature as it has immense power, capacity and complexity that still remain unexplored.

There are different parts of brain, each assigned a particular function.

The human brain works faster than the fastest computer in the world and it is responsible for creating every single motion, emotion, laugh, cry and joy.

This site provides a plethora of interesting facts about the human brain with sections suitable for children and for adults.

Interesting facts about the brain from humanbrainfacts.org

Human Body : Overview

 Human Body : Overview

There are over seventy organs in a human body which vary according to their sizes, functions or actions.

An organ is a collection of millions of cells which group together to perform single functions in a our body.

The cells in these body organs are highly specialised and form for all the necessary actions for some specific time.

Out of these organs of a male or female body, skin is the largest organ with respect to its size and weight.

The major organ in the body of human beings is the brain which is primarily responsible for performing all the functions and actions of the body.

The list of major organs and systems of the body for study in Key Stage 2 might include the following…

  • Control : the brain
  • Sensory Input : skin, eyes, ears, nose and tongue
  • Respiration : heart, lungs, blood, arteries and veins
  • Digestion : teeth, oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, colon
  • Waste Disposal : lungs, blood, liver, kidneys, bladder
  • Movement : skeleton and muscles

Happy New Year 2018…

Happy New Year 2018…

We know that it will be at least a week from the publishing of this post until the start of the spring term.

Nevertheless, we would like to wish all teaching and support staff at all schools a great 2018 and thank them for the brilliant job they do.

And to the kids…be nice to your teachers, they deserve it!

We hope to continue to bring great links throughout the year.

Gary

Happy New Year 2018…

Hard Times : Times Tables Practice

Hard Times : Times Tables Practice by transum.org

This is a fun way to bring back pupils focus to the learning of timer tables after a break or simply use for daily practice.

There are five activities to choose from.

Hard Times Plain Game :This is a game for one or many players. Click on a card to see what it contains. Click on a second card and if the two cards make a pair you win them.

Hard Times Matching : Tiles with answers are dragged to their corresponding tables sum.

Hard times Multiple Choice : like the name suggests players drag the tile with the answers to the sum that fits.

Hard Times Tug’o’War: By answering correctly the marker on the tug of war rope will move a little. The objective is to pull the marker past the yellow marker post on your side of the game. Incorrect answers cause the marker to move in the opposite direction. Read the instructions!

Hard Times snap : can be played using  keyboard letters or by clicking a button on a tablet.

Hard Times : Times Tables Practice by transum.org

UK New Year Traditions

Making New Years Resolutions by the BBC

This BBC resource provides a lesson plan complete with activities to support PSHE lesson on the new year and making resolutions

Where has the year gone?  It seems like just yesterday we were ringing in the New Year, and pretty soon we’ll be doing it all over again.
Whether you plan on partying in Preston, celebrating in Cardiff or getting glammed up in Glasgow, there are some traditions you won’t be able to escape. Here, we explain the stories behind some of the UK’s weird and wonderful New Year traditions.

Auld Lang Syn
Wherever you’re celebrating this year, chances are your New Year revelry will include singing Auld Lang Syne when the clock strikes midnight. Penned by Scottish writer Robert Burns in 1788, the lyrics were put to a traditional tune after Burns’ death and quickly became an international anthem

While there are many interpretations of the lyrics, it’s widely considered to be a song of reunion and reconciliation, encouraging us to reflect on times past and move forward together.

In the final verse, the song states: “And there’s a hand, my trusty fiere!/And gie’s a hand o’ thine!”. At this point, it’s traditional to cross hands. Although many do this all the way through the song, tradition dictates that it should only happen after the line.

First-foot
If you’re celebrating New Year in Scotland or Northern England, don’t forget about the first-foot tradition. This is the belief that the first person to enter the home on New Year’s Day will be the bringer of good luck for the coming year.

While it sounds like a simple tradition, there are actually lots of rules to follow! The first-footer must not be in the house at the stroke of midnight, and you’ll also need to consider who the first-footer will be. Traditionally, tall, dark-haired men are said to be the luckiest, while females and fair-haired men are believed to be unlucky in some areas of the UK.

The first-footer is expected to bring a gift too, like a coin for financial prosperity, bread for food, salt for flavour, coal for warmth or a drink for cheer.

New Year Kiss
What is New Year without a kiss at midnight? Although the tradition is common, there are a number of different beliefs around it. Some believe that the person we kiss at midnight will set the tone for the rest of the year.

Others believe that kissing a loved one at midnight will strengthen the relationship you have in the New Year. Some people also attribute the tradition to the masked balls that take place on New Year’s Eve in Europe.

The masks represent the evil spirits from the past year, with the kiss acting as purification once the mask is removed.
Who knew the midnight kiss could be so significant?!

Calennig
New Year in Wales is celebrated with Calennig, a tradition which takes place on New Year’s Day. In the past, children would call from door-to-door bearing good wishes for the household for the year ahead. They would sing songs and carry skewered apples, with corn and sprigs of evergreen. In return, they would receive a Calennig, or a New Year’s gift. This would usually be money or food. This tradition is still followed in some areas of Wales

Fire festivals
If you’d prefer to heat things up this year, head to Stonehaven in Aberdeenshire, Scotland and experience the fireball parade. The free event dates back over 100 years and sees a parade of individuals swinging fireballs above their heads. It’s a real sight to behold — but why do they do it?

The parade is traditionally a cleansing ritual, with the flames said to burn away bad spirits from the previous year, helping to purify the New Year.

Making New Years Resolutions by the BBC