A River’s Journey

a rivers journey

A River’s Journey by bbc.co.uk

The journey of a river can be divided into three sections: upper, middle and lower.  On this detailed webpage you can choose one of the sections to research.


Pupils are encouraged to look at the clips for each section of the river and make a note of any words that they do not understand, discuss them and use a dictionary to find out what they mean.  They are invited to display these words on the board.

Other activities are suggested:  create a report to describe the section of the river just researched to the rest of the class;  think about the sort of features seen that part of the river; use as many describing words as possible to talk about the speed of the water, the sounds or what might be seen; agree a script for a report to be present it to the rest of the class;  hot seat taking questions from the class; record the report and save the audio file to a computer.

Pompeii: The Last Day

Pompeii: The Last Day – Youtube Video embedded here

On 24 August AD79, the sleeping giant Mount Vesuvius erupted with horrifying force, destroying the prosperous Roman cities Pompeii and Herculeneum.

Their inhabitants were subjected to 24 hours of untold horror. Four million tonnes of pumice, rock and ash rained on the towns, suffocating the life out of the cities, and burying alive those who had been unable to flee.

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Volcano Animation

Volcano animation – youtube embedded here

The animation shows eruption, and the processes leading up to the eruption, of a volcano. It explains that pressure of gases builds up underground until, eventually, it becomes so great that there is a violent explosion hurling dust and debris in to the sky and the surrounding area.

As the pressure is released the remaining gases in the magma (molten rock) cause lava to flow out and down the side of the volcano destroying everything in its path. Eventually the lava cools and forms a solid plug and the process begins again.

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How do volcanoes work?

How do volcanoes work?

How do volcanoes work? by Manchester Museum

This printable PDF explains how volcanoes erupt. It also gives step by step instructions on how to build a volcano of your very own

The lava that erupts from a volcano is in fact really hot rock. It is rock that has been heated so much that it has become runny. When this runny rock is underground, it is called magma.

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